Written By: Michelle Whitmer,
Last modified: August 23, 2021
Quick Facts
  • Founded:
  • Years Operated:
    1900 — Present
  • Headquarters:
    Chapel Hill, North Carolina
  • Business:
    Maintenance products for stoves and home repair
  • Asbestos Trust:
  • Bankruptcy Status:
    Filed in Oct. 13, 1999, and reorganized on Nov. 17, 2000

Rutland’s History with Asbestos

Rutland Fire Clay Company was founded in Montpelier, Vermont, in 1883. Its first marketed product was a stove lining intended to reduce soot buildup and make stoves more efficient.

The company gradually branched out to make stove polishes, home repair items and construction materials. Many of these products were designed to withstand high temperatures and were manufactured with asbestos because the mineral is naturally heat-resistant.

Rutland is now headquartered in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Products are made and shipped from Jacksonville, Illinois.

The company devoted a large portion of its early investments to controlling creosote, which is a combustible byproduct that tends to build up in coal and wood-fired chimneys and stoves.

Many of Rutland’s products made during the early 1900s were designed to reduce soot, thereby simplifying home fireplace maintenance. These items also made Rutland very popular when shortages during World War II caused increased usage of wood stoves.

Rutland’s focus on manufacturing large lots of construction products made low-cost asbestos a desirable choice. Asbestos was used as filler in the company’s patching compounds and cements, which were designed to withstand high temperatures.

Like other asbestos companies, Rutland has faced tens of thousands of asbestos lawsuits filed by workers who developed asbestos-related diseases after using its products. These suits forced the company into bankruptcy. It was subsequently required to create a trust fund to compensate future victims.

Bankruptcy and Trust Fund

Rutland had 37,000 pending cases and $3 million in assets when it filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in October 1999.

Company president Thomas Martin testified before Congress in 1999 and estimated Rutland’s liability for current and future asbestos claims at $67 million. Martin said asbestos claims were the sole cause of the bankruptcy.

The company set up a trust fund in 2000, known as the Rutland Fire Clay Company Asbestos Trust, to deal with past and future claims. November 2010 to January 2011 was the last time period for which the trust accepted claims. The trust is currently registered as inactive.

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Asbestos Litigation Involving Rutland

From 1984 to 1999, 50,000 asbestos-related cases were filed against Rutland. The majority of the lawsuits were filed by workers who used Rutland’s asbestos products on the job.

Two cases demonstrating types of asbestos exposure from Rutland products involved Ethel Scheidel and Kenneth Cobb.

  • In a 1997 New York Supreme Court case, Ethel Scheidel filed a claim against Rutland on behalf of her husband, Victor Scheidel. Scheidel encountered asbestos while working as an independent contractor and was later diagnosed with asbestosis.
  • In 2001, Owens Corning Fiberglass added Rutland as a party defendant in a case where a pipefitter, Kenneth Cobb, developed asbestosis. Cobb spent 40 years using asbestos insulation and wallboard for refrigeration, air conditioning and heating systems and pneumatic control systems. Cobb received $689,782 in compensatory damages.

Asbestos issues are not the only legal problem Rutland has dealt with in recent years. In 2016, Rutland paid a fine of $1,000 to the state of California for violating health and safety codes when it didn’t properly label its Safe Lite Fire Starter Squares, which had the potential of releasing toxic chemicals into the air.

In 2008, Rutland was fined $10,000 by the California Air Resources Board for distributing its One Match Gelled Fire Starter without proper certification.

Rutland’s Asbestos Products

From 1900 to 1978, Rutland manufactured the following asbestos-containing products:

  • Rutland Boiler Covering
  • Rutland Furnace Cement
  • Rutland Ready-Mined Joint Cement
  • Rutland Wallboard Joint Cement
  • Rutland Roofing Cement No. 4
  • Rutland Roofing Cement No. 7

Some of these products contained up to 10% chrysotile asbestos.

Damage to these products can release asbestos dust. Inhaling these fibers repeatedly over time is the primary cause of mesothelioma.

Rutland Black Asbestos Furnace Cement
Rutland added asbestos to furnace cement to make it fireproof

Occupations at Risk of Exposure to Rutland’s Asbestos Products

The following occupations faced risk of exposure to asbestos through Rutland’s products:

  • Boiler workers
  • Brick masons
  • Carpenters
  • Construction workers
  • Cement workers
  • Drywallers
  • Roofers
  • Rutland employees

Construction workers and mortar and bricklayers who used older asbestos-containing cement products manufactured by Rutland were likely exposed to asbestos.

Rutland made materials with asbestos found in rocks from the Vermont area. Rutland workers preparing these cement products also encountered asbestos exposure.

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