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Doctors offer three primary types of treatment to mesothelioma patients: Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. The types of treatment you receive depend on your diagnosis, the stage and type of your mesothelioma and your overall health.
If the cancer has not yet spread, a combination of radiation, surgery and chemotherapy likely will be offered to you. This combined approach to treatment is called multimodal therapy.
If the mesothelioma already has spread significantly, doctors typically recommend palliative treatments that can help alleviate pain, breathing problems and other cancer symptoms that lessen your quality of life. You are still likely to be offered radiation and chemotherapy, but probably not major surgery options.
Radiation therapy can soothe pain and correct breathing issues by shrinking tumors that press on your nerves, veins and airways. Chemotherapy also shrinks tumors, helping with chest pain and night sweats. Non-curative surgeries can remove tumors that cause troublesome symptoms, or drain fluid that builds up in the chest or abdomen.
You may also want to talk to your doctor about other treatment options beyond surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Experimental treatments exist, mostly in clinical trials, and sometimes they can make a huge difference.
Some patients also pursue alternative treatments like massage therapy, acupuncture or yoga. These can often be added to standard treatments like chemotherapy, so talk with your doctor about which therapies you'd like to explore.
If your cancer is relatively contained in the lining around the lungs or the abdomen, you may be eligible for aggressive surgery. This option can be potentially curative. In addition to an aggressive surgery, you may be given some type of radiation and chemotherapy with the goal of killing the cancer cells that are left behind after surgery.
There also are less traumatic and more palliative surgeries available. Often these are used if you are not healthy enough to withstand the strain of a major surgery, or if the cancer already has spread. The goal of these surgeries is to relieve some of your symptoms and help you to feel better. You may also have chemotherapy and radiation before or after these surgeries.
Chemotherapy is used in treating most types of cancer, including mesothelioma. Chemotherapy drugs, which are usually delivered by an IV into a vein in your arm, are designed to kill cancer cells.
The most common and most successful chemotherapy drugs for someone with mesothelioma are cisplatin and pemetrexed. A milder chemotherapy cocktail that uses pemetrexed with carboplatin often achieves the same results but with fewer side effects.
If you have peritoneal mesothelioma, your doctor may suggest a multimodal treatment called heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Also known as heated chemotherapy, this therapy is given immediately after surgery to help kill off the microscopic cancer cells that surgeons unavoidably miss. In one study involving more than 400 peritoneal patients, overall median survival after HIPEC extended beyond four years.
Because chemotherapy drugs affect cancer cells as well as healthy cells, you may feel worse after treatment. This is why some patients choose not to have chemotherapy. For many people, however, this feeling and other negative side effects wear off over time, and they experience notable improvements. A good specialist can help you understand your options.
Radiation therapy is noninvasive and uses high-energy rays to target the cancer. It is typically paired with other treatment options to help shrink tumors or manage tumor growth. It doesn't have the strong side effects that chemotherapy does, and it often helps reduce the physical pain of mesothelioma.
However, because radiation can be toxic to various organs, and damages DNA while killing cancer cells, it is used sparingly and only with certain types of mesothelioma. Radiation also can be used in a palliative situation when surgery is no longer an option.
While each cancer treatment option may have benefits by itself, cancer specialists often opt for a more effective multimodal approach — a patient-tailored mix of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. This strategy involves specialists in each field putting together a plan that is right for you.
Some people who try this multi-faceted approach are able to control mesothelioma. The key is involving specialists in each of the fields working together.Learn more about multimodal therapy
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The top specialists work at recognized mesothelioma centers. Some of the best known mesothelioma specialists, like Dr. David Sugarbaker, at Baylor College of Medicine, trained young surgeons who have moved on to other cities and treatment centers. Surgeons like Dr. Jacques Fontaine, at the Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa or Dr. Alexander Farivar, at the Swedish Medical Center in Seattle, took Sugarbaker's expertise to others around the country.
Sugarbaker is a leading authority in mesothelioma treatment and current director of the Lung Institute at Baylor College of Medicine. He developed the highly successful extrapleural pneumonectomy surgery for pleural mesothelioma.Contact Dr. Sugarbaker
Cameron advises his patients against aggressive surgery and instead recommends a P/D, a lung-sparing mesothelioma surgery he pioneered. His approach removes tumors and treats the cancer as a chronic illness.
Landreneau left the highly regarded University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in 2013 after 20 years of service. He is now at Allegheny General Hospital, using his expertise in mesothelioma to treat patients from across the Northeast.Contact Dr. Landreneau
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Mesothelioma treatment can be expensive if you don't have health insurance or financial resources, and cost is difficult to pinpoint because every diagnosis is unique.
The average cost of lung cancer surgery, which is comparable to mesothelioma surgery, is $39,891. Chemotherapy costs vary depending on the type of cancer, the drugs used and patient-specific factors, but can reach as high as $30,000 over an eight-week period.
Radiation therapy is estimated to cost about $2,000 per month, but the total expense depends on your health coverage and the number of treatments you receive.
If you can't afford to travel to a specialist, ask for assistance. Some facilities offer travel grants that include temporary housing. Some centers have resources to help with expenses. Others are willing to work with your local oncologist to come up with a treatment plan that best fits your needs.
Financial assistance expert Joe Lahav knows the intricacies of how to secure financial help for treatment, travel and other related expenses.Get Help Paying for Mesothelioma Treatment
Some people with mesothelioma have found unexpected success with clinical trials exploring the latest approaches to therapy. While there are no guarantees, this is where future cancer treatments are being developed. Being in a clinical trial may benefit you, but it also will benefit others in the future as scientists search for more effective therapies.
The future of mesothelioma treatment almost certainly involves therapies still being developed, so do not hesitate to ask your doctor about new treatments. There may be tremendous potential with immunotherapy, gene therapy and photodynamic therapy. All are being used in clinical trials and could become standard treatment at some point.
Immunotherapy helps you use your own immune system to fight off the cancer growth. Some types of immunotherapy are referred to as vaccination therapy. The therapy is only available in clinical trials right now, but some researchers believe it is the future of cancer treatment.Learn about immunotherapy
Gene therapy aims to treat or prevent cancer by injecting genetic material into the body. One form called suicide gene therapy targets cancer cells and causes them to die. This treatment is currently being tested on mesothelioma patients in clinical trials.Learn about gene therapy
Photodynamic therapy uses light energy to kill cancer cells. First, doctors inject a light-sensitive drug into the patient. After a few days, a special light is applied to the area, usually via laser, to activate the drug. This causes a reaction that kills cancer cells.More photodynamic therapy
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) options don't treat the disease itself, but concentrate on the patient mentally, emotionally and physically. They can be used alongside more traditional approaches to cancer treatment.
Treatments like massage, acupuncture, yoga, naturopathy and aromatherapy can be used to relieve the pain from mesothelioma, or reduce stress that comes from traditional treatment. Meditation also helps some patients. Patients in many states have access to medical marijuana, which can help control cancer pain.
Mesothelioma is not a disease that can be treated at any hospital. There are an estimated 3,000 cases annually diagnosed in the U.S., and many doctors around the country never treat it — or even see it. If you have mesothelioma and live near a cancer center that specializes in treating this disease, consider yourself fortunate. This will make your medical care easier for you. A number of treatment facilities are clustered in the Northeast, near New York, Boston and Philadelphia.
Brigham and Women's is home to the International Mesothelioma Program, the largest mesothelioma specialty center of its kind.
The Ochsner Cancer Institute — the most advanced cancer center on the Gulf Coast — offers a thriving clinical trial program for mesothelioma.
The Mesothelioma Research and Treatment Center at Moffitt boasts a talented team of physicians who specialize in mesothelioma.
The Mesothelioma Specialty Care program at UPMC offers cutting-edge treatments for mesothelioma, including heated chemotherapy for peritoneal cancer.
Fox Chase combines advanced mesothelioma therapies with expert research and clinical trials. The center is a nationally recognized leader in cancer care.
Free information for patients and caregivers to better understand their treatment options.
The treatment timeline that a patient goes through varies depending on type. The following are steps one would see based on a mesothelioma diagnosis.
The doctor gives the person a diagnosis usually two to three months after symptoms appear.
Doctor orders a biopsy and recommends a specialist to the person diagnosed. Biopsy confirmation can take up to 10 days.
It usually takes a week for a surgeon or oncologist to meet with the person diagnosed after biopsy confirmation.
Surgeon or oncologist orders additional biopsies, X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, stress tests and other tests to determine stage and surgery eligibility.
If person is eligible for surgery, the surgeon will schedule the procedure, depending on their availability.
If person is not eligible for surgery, they will schedule an appointment with an oncologist for other treatment options, including chemotherapy and radiation.
Getting you on the right treatment path is the key to living a better life, and it begins with finding you the best mesothelioma specialist. Medical Outreach Director Missy Edmunds makes your search easy.
Missy, who has a degree in psychology, enjoys the human experience — especially when it comes to connecting people. Her role at The Mesothelioma Center is to connect people with mesothelioma and their loved ones to services they need such as a doctor who understands their condition, and one who can craft a treatment plan that's best for them.
Call Missy Now to Find Your Doctor (855) 404-4592
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