Asbestos Diseases Still Looming After 9/11 Attacks

Site of World Trade Center Destruction

Thoracic surgeon Dr. Raja Flores believes an alarming number of asbestos-related diseases, such as mesothelioma, will start emerging soon in New York City, stemming from rescue and cleanup efforts after the historic 9/11 terrorist attack at the World Trade Center 14 years ago.

He compared it to Libby, Montana, where hundreds of miners, family members and nearby residents have died or been sickened by the asbestos dust pouring from vermiculite mines decades ago.

“I hope I’m wrong, but I don’t think so,” Flores, chief of thoracic surgery at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York, told Asbestos.com. “We’ve seen a little of it so far, but I think we’ve just scratched the surface. You’re going to start seeing a lot of these cases in the future.”

Flores has been treating asbestos diseases for more than 20 years, specializing in malignant mesothelioma, lung cancer and esophageal cancer. He expects a spike in each of those soon, caused by the toxic cloud of carcinogenic materials that hovered for months over the area where the Twin Towers collapsed on Sept. 11, 2001.

Asbestos diseases like mesothelioma typically have a long latency period (15-40 years) between exposure and obvious symptoms.

“We still need a little more time. Between 15 and 20 years out, we’ll start seeing it in individuals one-by-one, but by 25 years out, it will be real obvious what has happened,” he said. “Again, I hope I’m wrong, but I think I know how this is going to turn out.”

Flores has sounded the alarm at a critical time for many first responders and other rescue and cleanup workers who were on the site of the attack for extended periods.

More than 2,600 people died initially when two jets hijacked by radical Islamic terrorists crashed into the towers, causing their collapse and ensuing chaos. The health of tens of thousands more also has been effected in the aftermath.

Congress Debating Support

The 114th United States Congress is expected to pass an extension of the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act in the coming weeks, assuring continued support for those adversely affected by the terrorist attacks.

The legislation likely will include a continuation of both the World Trade Center Health Program, and the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund that are expiring in phases beginning this fall. Both were part of the original legislation in 2010 that committed $4.2 billion of federal money.

“I fully expect an extension to pass at some point in October or November. It’s going through,” John Feal, president of the FealGood Foundation, a prominent first responders advocacy group in New York, told Asbestos.com. “I know people are getting nervous about it, but the broad support is there this time. This is not me predicting the weather next week. It’s me predicting what I know and have seen the last 14 years. A bill will get passed.”

Supporters like Feal have been lobbying for a “permanent extension,” that will ensure health care benefits and compensation indefinitely for the more than 70,000 survivors and rescue workers who have suffered health issues in the aftermath of the attack.

Throughout the rescue and cleanup efforts, many were exposed for months to the toxic dust that included well-known carcinogens like asbestos.

A bipartisan group of senators and congressmen in April co-sponsored the 9/11 Health and Compensation Reauthorization Act (HR. 1786, S. 928). It includes lifetime medical treatment and monitoring, as well as continued economic compensation for those involved.

That proposal will likely be debated and refined before coming before the full Congress later this fall. The biggest issue will be the length of the benefit extension. There is a chance that an increasingly budget-conscious Congress will revise it with limits and end points, much like it did in the original Zadroga Act of 2010.

The terrorist attack and resulting carnage included 2,996 deaths spread across three sites: The World Trade Center in New York City, the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., and an open field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

Included in the more than 70,000 receiving care or monitoring today, are an estimated 3,700 cases of various cancers that have been traced to the toxins that lingered for months around Ground Zero, site of the Twin Towers attack.

Advocates believe the permanent extension is needed because the asbestos cancers like mesothelioma are not expected to peak for another 10 years.

“You don’t have to be a doctor to know what’s coming,” Feal said. “Those 3,700 certified cancers to this point hardly include any of the asbestos cancers that are coming. The doctors are saying there will be a dramatic increase in the coming years. We need to be ready.”

9/11 Compensation Going to All 50 States

There is a broad scope of those still suffering. According to the Victim Compensation Fund’s (VCF) latest quarterly report from June 30, all 50 states have at least a handful of individuals currently receiving compensation benefits.

The diversity stemmed from responders and other volunteers who crossed the country to help after the attack, along with police officers and firemen who have since retired and moved out of state.

Although New York has the largest number of claimants (4,515), states like Florida (276), Pennsylvania (94) and South Carolina (44) also have many claimants receiving compensation.

The VCF already has paid out or committed to pay $1.31 billion on 5,636 approved claims. There are another 11,770 claims already approved, but the amount of compensation has not been determined.

The individual amounts of compensation have ranged from a high of $4.13 million to a low of $10,000.

The mean amount has been $233,746. First responders have accounted for 91 percent of the total paid out, and cancer has accounted for 18 percent of the awards. Claimants are initially receiving less than half of their money, and the remaining amount will be disbursed when the fund closes at the end of 2016.

The Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act was in addition to the original 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund that ended in 2004 and paid out $7 billion to the families of the almost 3,000 people who died in the original attack.

It is designed to compensate for economic and non-economic losses for individuals or relatives of deceased individuals who were injured or killed as a result of the attack.

The original Zadroga bill did not include cancers, but only 12 specific illnesses, mostly respiratory and digestive. A provision that included 58 different cancers, including mesothelioma, was added to the law in 2012.

Feal, a 9/11 responder, has been part of the Congressional lobbying effort from the start. He has walked the halls of Congress many times with a limp. Feal had lost part of his left foot during rescue efforts at Ground Zero.

“We just haven’t seen the opposition like we did before the bill was passed in 2010. That’s why I’m so confident. The support for reauthorization is pretty broad,” he said. “I think Congress is going to take care of the people who took care of America after 9/11.”

  1. VCF.gov. (2015, June 13). VCF Program Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.vcf.gov/pdf/VCFProgramStatistics07202015.pdf
  2. Congress.Gov. (2015, April 14). H.R. 1786 – James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Reauthorization Act. Retrieved from https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/1786

Tim Povtak is an award-winning writer with more than 30 years of reporting national and international news. His most recent experience is in researching and writing about asbestos litigation issues and asbestos-related conditions like mesothelioma. If you have a story idea for Tim, please email him at tpovtak@asbestos.com

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