Asbestos.com is the nation’s most trusted mesothelioma resource
The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com has provided patients and their loved ones the most updated and reliable information on mesothelioma and asbestos exposure since 2006.
Our team of Patient Advocates includes a medical doctor, a registered nurse, health services administrators, veterans, VA-accredited Claims Agents, an oncology patient navigator and hospice care expert. Their combined expertise means we help any mesothelioma patient or loved one through every step of their cancer journey.
More than 30 contributors, including mesothelioma doctors, survivors, health care professionals and other experts, have peer-reviewed our website and written unique research-driven articles to ensure you get the highest-quality medical and health information.
About The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com
- Assisting mesothelioma patients and their loved ones since 2006.
- Helps more than 50% of mesothelioma patients diagnosed annually in the U.S.
- A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau.
- 5-star reviewed mesothelioma and support organization.
"My family has only the highest compliment for the assistance and support that we received from The Mesothelioma Center. This is a staff of compassionate and knowledgeable individuals who respect what your family is experiencing and who go the extra mile to make an unfortunate diagnosis less stressful. Information and assistance were provided by The Mesothelioma Center at no cost to our family."LashawnMesothelioma patient’s daughter
What is Image Guided Radiation Therapy?
Radiation therapy is an established type of cancer treatment. Mesothelioma specialists often use external beam radiation in aggressive treatment plans.
However, safely administering radiation to mesothelioma patients is a challenge for radiation oncologists.
Mesothelioma tumors form close to sensitive vital organs such as the lungs, heart, liver, intestines and kidneys. The tumors may also move when the patient breathes or their abdominal organs shift because of digestion.
Quick Facts About Image-guided Radiation Therapy
- Mesothelioma is challenging for radiologists to target safely
- Devices combining imaging and therapy increase the accuracy of radiation
- 4D imaging accounts for the motion of the tumor site as the patient breathes
- Image-guided radiation therapy is available at specialized treatment centers
Radiation oncologists must make a trade-off between treatment effectiveness and safety. A higher dose of radiation will kill more cancer cells, but it could also cause severe complications if it hits healthy cells by mistake.
Modern technologies such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy and proton therapy can target areas in the body much more selectively. Even so, these therapy techniques are only as good as the imaging scans that guide them.
This is where the emerging techniques of image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) come in.
Combining Imaging and Therapy Devices
IGRT involves performing imaging scans immediately before or during every radiation therapy session. This way, the radiologist can adjust the treatment if the tumor site’s position has changed or the patient has lost or gained weight.
In 2000, Siemens unveiled a computed tomography (CT) scanner that could be installed alongside a linear accelerator in the same room. This made it possible to take an imaging scan and administer radiation without moving the patient.
Two years later, Accuray introduced the TomoTherapy System, a single machine that can perform CT scans and administer intensity-modulated radiation therapy.
In 2015, doctors hailed the development of the first combination linear accelerator and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine. A 2021 research paper in the World Journal of Clinical Oncology stated that IGRT allows for the use of more highly conformal treatments while maintaining doses to surrounding healthy tissue at an acceptable level.
These types of combination devices have become more common in the past decade. But in many cases, cancer patients still receive imaging scans and radiation therapy on different days and in different facilities. Research has shown this is not ideal.
Lung cancer presents many of the same targeting problems as pleural mesothelioma. A 2016 study of 91 patients with lung cancer revealed daily imaging scans during radiation therapy was associated with a longer median survival time than weekly imaging scans.
4D Imaging of Moving Tumors
Even when a doctor performs an imaging scan before a radiation treatment, the static scan might not account for the motion of the tumor site and the vital organs in the body. Specialists developed four-dimensional imaging to address this problem.
In 4D imaging, the fourth dimension is time. This allows doctors to track the cyclical path of the tumor site’s position in the body as the patient breathes.
You could think of this as a 3D video of the inside of the chest that plays on a loop. It shows doctors how organs move when the patient inhales and exhales.
A radiologist could use 4D imaging to ensure the most intense radiation stays confined to the tumor site. Or they could synchronize the aim of the radiation machine to the motion of the target in the body.
Image-Guided Radiation Therapy for Mesothelioma
Cancer treatment teams face two main obstacles to using IGRT: The high cost of the technology and the high level of experience required to use it.
As with all types of cancer treatment, the best hope for mesothelioma patients is to go to one of the top cancer centers in the country.
Another drawback is IGRT causes each therapy session to take longer — perhaps 40 minutes rather than 20. However, many experts expect the average IGRT session duration to shorten as technology continues to improve.
Remember, only an experienced mesothelioma specialist can determine whether any type of radiation therapy is an appropriate treatment modality. Mesothelioma is a rare and complex form of cancer. Every case requires an individualized treatment plan.
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