Rutland Fire Clay Company was founded in Montpelier, Vermont, in 1883. Its first marketed product was a stove lining intended to reduce soot buildup and make stoves more efficient. The company gradually branched out to make stove polishes, home repair items and construction materials.
The company devoted a large portion of its early investment to controlling creosote – a combustible byproduct that tends to build up in coal and wood fired chimneys and stoves. Many of Rutland’s products during the early 1900s were designed to reduce soot, thereby simplifying home fireplace maintenance. These items also made Rutland very popular when shortages during World War II saw increased wood stove usage.
Rutland’s focus on manufacturing large lots of construction products made low-cost asbestos a desirable choice. Asbestos was a popular fill used in patching compounds and cements that were designed to stand up to high temperatures.
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From 1984 to 1999, 50,000 asbestos-related cases were filed against Rutland. Company president Thomas Martin testified before Congress in 1999 and estimated Rutland’s liability for current and future asbestos claims at $67 million. Rutland had 37,000 pending cases and $3 million in assets when it filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in October 1999. Martin said asbestos claims were the sole cause of the bankruptcy. The company set up a trust fund in 2000 to deal with past and future claims. Claims are accepted only part of the year and settlements are subject to fund availability.
Two cases demonstrating types of asbestos-exposure from Rutland products involved Ethel Scheidel and Kenneth Cobb. In a 1997 New York Supreme Court case, Ethel Scheidel filed a claim against Rutland Fire Company, on behalf of her husband, Victor Scheidel. Victor encountered asbestos while working as an independent contractor and was later diagnosed with asbestosis.
In 2001 Owens Corning Fiberglass added Rutland as a party defendant in a case where a pipefitter, Kenneth Cobb, developed asbestosis. Cobb spent 40 years using asbestos insulation and wallboard for refrigeration, air conditioning and heating systems and pneumatic control systems. Cobb received $689,782 in compensatory damages.
Construction workers and mortar and brick layers who used older asbestos-containing cement products manufactured by Rutland were likely exposed to asbestos. Rutland made materials with both raw asbestos and asbestos minerals found in rocks from the Vermont area. Factory workers preparing these cement products could also suffer from asbestos exposure.
Some of these products contained up to 10 percent chrysotile asbestos. When homeowners or construction workers remodel, drill, saw or break through walls or panels to access crawlspaces, they can damage the products and release asbestos dust. Inhaling these particles over years is the primary cause of mesothelioma.
Matt Mauney is an award-winning journalist with nearly a decade of professional writing experience. He joined Asbestos.com in 2016, and he spends much of his time reading, analyzing and reporting on mesothelioma research articles to ensure people in the mesothelioma community know the latest medical advancements. Prior to joining Asbestos.com, Matt was a reporter at the Orlando Sentinel. Matt also edits some of the pages on the website.
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