Asbestos in Texas


ranking in U.S. for mesothelioma & asbestosis deaths

Asbestos use was prevalent in Texas during much of the 20th century to insulate equipment and clothing used by workers in major industries, such as oil refineries and shipyards. Texans' exposure to this toxic, fire-resistant mineral resulted in thousands of asbestos-related deaths from mesothelioma and asbestosis. In fact, at least 2,454 people died from asbestos-related diseases in Texas between 1999 and 2013, placing the state fourth nationwide in deaths attributed to the toxin.  

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While the majority of those who died or have been diagnosed with asbestos-related diseases in Texas worked in occupations where they inhaled the asbestos fibers regularly, others were exposed from simply living near hazardous jobsites, such as the W.R. Grace & Company/Texas Vermiculite site in Dallas, which imported shipments of asbestos-tainted vermiculite from Libby, Montana until 1992.

Treatment Centers near Texas

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  • Lung Institute at Baylor College of Medicine
    Lung Institute at Baylor College of Medicine
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  • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
    University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
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  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
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  • Baylor Scott and White Health
    Baylor Scott and White Health
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Mesothelioma and Asbestosis Deaths, 1999-2013

  • 1,913 mesothelioma deaths
  • 541 asbestosis deaths
  • 2,454 total deaths

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Occupations at Risk

Most Texans who suffer from asbestos related diseases like mesothelioma were exposed to asbestos on the job, where they worked in oil refineries, steel mills and foundries, chemical plants, automobile factories and petro-chemical industries.

Jobsites with Known Exposure:

abestos exposure texaco oil
  • Texaco Oil
  • Lone Star Industries
  • Texas Chemical
  • Lyondell Chemical
  • Chevron Phillips Chemical
  • Gulf Oil
  • Bethlehem Shipping Company
  • Gulfport Shipping Company
  • Todd Shipping Company

Oil Refineries & Corporations

Oil and chemical refineries provide jobs to thousands of people in Texas, but these occupations are dangerous as they require constant exposure to high-intensity heat. Because of its heat resistant qualities, asbestos was used as an insulating material as well as a fire retardant to protect workers and keep them safe while working in these conditions. As a result of this practice, workers in these fields have died from asbestos-related diseases like mesothelioma and asbestosis.

Learn more about asbestos exposure in oil refinery workers

Shipyards & Ship Building

Shipyard workers and crews are occupations that have been known to have high risks for asbestos exposure because the material was widely used until the 1980s. Not only was asbestos used as a fire retardant in these ships and shipyards, it was often used to coat pipes and boilers located in engine rooms because of its insulation properties.

How was asbestos used in shipyards?

Asbestos Litigation in Texas

Texas has long been a popular venue for asbestos claims, although the number of cases filed in the state has dropped in recent years.

From 1988 to 2000, Texas ranked among the top five states with the most asbestos filings in state and federal courts. In the mid-1990s, three counties in Texas (Harris, Galveston and Jefferson) accounted for 42 percent of all new filings.

In 2005, Texas adopted SB 15, a state law that created specific medical criteria for asbestos claims. By requiring plaintiffs to demonstrate an actual asbestos-related disability prior to filing a claim, SB 15 cleared unimpaired asbestos victims from Texas courts and moved them to an inactive docket. As a result, claimants with asbestos-related cancer and serious impairments began seeing their cases resolved sooner. If claimants in the inactive docket provide proof of an asbestos-related impairment or cancer diagnosis, they can be transferred back to the active docket.

Despite tighter restrictions on filing claims, many people in Texas have won compensation from the companies responsible for their asbestos exposure:

  • In August 2001, an El Paso jury awarded $55.5 million to a mesothelioma patient and his family. The award included $15 million in punitive damages to Kelly-Moore Paint Company, the claimant's former employer. At the time, the verdict was described as the largest asbestos verdict.

  • In September 2001, a jury in Orange, Texas, awarded $130 million to five men who developed lung cancer, colon cancer and asbestosis after working at the U.S. Pipe plant in Birmingham, Alabama. The award included $60 million in punitive damages.

  • In July 2012, the family of a Dallas painter was awarded $11 million from several companies that exposed him to asbestos throughout his career. He regularly worked with asbestos-containing products like textured paint and drywall compounds. Most of the blame was attributed to the Dow Chemical subsidiary Union Carbide, with the rest going to Bondex, Georgia Pacific and Kelly-Moore.

  • In 2014, the family of a Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. employee who died of mesothelioma won an $18.6 million verdict against the company in a Texas state court. The plaintiff, who worked as a tire builder at Kelly-Springfield Tire Co. in Tyler, Texas, for 30 years, was exposed to asbestos constantly while working with Goodyear tire machines.

Additional Resources

  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2009). Former W.R. Grace & Company/Texas Vermiculite Site, Dallas County, Texas [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from:
  2. Texas Department of State Health Services (2011, June 6). Asbestos Program: Home Page. Retrieved from:
  3. United States Environmental Protection Agency. (n.d.). Region 6. Retrieved from:
  4. The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. (2011). Why Choose MD Anderson? Retrieved from:
  5. Carroll, S. et al. (2002). Asbestos Litigation Costs and Compensation. Retrieved from
  6. HarrisMartin Publishing. (2001, September 13). $130 Million Awarded to Five Asbestos Plaintiffs in Texas. Retrieved from
  7. Bradley, K. (2014). Tire Worker's Family Wins $18.6 Million Verdict in Texas Asbestos Trial. Retrieved from
  8. The Business Journals. (2012, July 13). Baron & Budd, P.C. Wins $11 Million Texas Asbestos Cancer Verdict. Retrieved from
  9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. (2015, January). Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2013 on CDC WONDER Online Database. Retrieved from

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