When to Consider Hospice Care
Hospice care is a type of health care that aims to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for people with terminal conditions. Patients and their families may consider hospice once the patient is given six months to live.
The typical life expectancy for mesothelioma is about one year. Many families facing mesothelioma come to rely on hospice care to access excellent health care and supportive services.
As a patient, choosing this type of care does not mean you are giving up. As a caregiver, it does not mean you are abandoning a loved one. Hospice is about providing comfort and preserving quality of life.
Hospice offers levels of care that range from basic care provided at home to complete care provided at inpatient medical facilities. While these services are not intended to improve a mesothelioma prognosis, some patients outlive their initial prognosis thanks to the high-quality care that hospice provides.
Your hospice care team may include the following professionals:
- Medical specialists
- Home health aides
- Occupational or physical therapists
- Mental health counselors
- Bereavement specialists
- Social workers
- Chaplain, clergy members or spiritual leaders
Hospice Care Options for Mesothelioma Patients
Hospice care is equipped to meet the unique needs of mesothelioma patients, including:
- Facilitate Breathing: Mesothelioma cancer can weaken several major bodily systems. The respiratory system is typically the most heavily affected, and many patients experience shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. Hospice workers know about breathing techniques and specific positioning techniques that can help a patient stand, sit or lie down in a way that would optimize airflow.
- Diet and Nutrition Plans: A compromised digestive system may make it difficult for a mesothelioma patient to intake adequate nutrients and fluids. This is a primary concern for peritoneal mesothelioma patients experiencing digestive issues. Hospice teams can create customized plans to ensure patients are appropriately nourished and hydrated.
- Pain Relief: Hospice workers may administer additional medications to help reduce the pain caused by late-stage mesothelioma. Because of its ability to reduce breathing stress for patients with lung diseases, morphine is commonly prescribed to pleural mesothelioma patients. Hospice can also offer alternative painkillers to reduce related discomfort. Doctors and nurses can review the medications a patient is taking to determine the most appropriate way to control pain.
- Support: This type of care extends beyond the physical aspect and incorporates emotional, social and spiritual support when requested. Support groups are open to patients and their families, while counselors can help a patient and loved ones come to terms with the realities of a terminal disease.
- End-of-Life Arrangements: Hospice professionals can help with end-of-life arrangements, such as wills and advance directives. Hospice also offers nondenominational spiritual counsel for patients who wish to participate. After a patient dies, the program continues to offer support groups, counseling and bereavement services to the family for an extended period of time.
Tips on Choosing a Hospice Program for Mesothelioma
Consider the following tips when choosing a hospice program for your loved one:
- Get a Referral: If you are a mesothelioma patient expected to live fewer than six months and have discussed the hospice option with your family and medical team, you may initiate the process by asking your doctor for a referral. An oncologist can sign the necessary paperwork indicating that the patient’s condition makes them eligible for this type of care.
- Decide on a Level of Care: Depending on your location, you may have multiple choices for where to receive hospice care. Mesothelioma patients may be treated on either an inpatient or outpatient basis. Outpatient care offers the traditional services in the comfort of the patient’s home, while inpatient care is given to patients at residential facilities, nursing homes or specific hospice communities.
- Interview the Medical Director: There are more than 4,700 hospice programs in the United States, many of which are certified by Medicare as upholding specific standards of care. With so many options, you will want to discuss the care you can obtain from a program with its medical director or admissions department.
- Take a Tour: Be sure to ask about their experience with mesothelioma or lung cancer patients. Just like choosing a mesothelioma doctor, you will want to choose a facility that is familiar with the complex aspects of caring for someone with mesothelioma.
How to Find Care
Use the following tips to locate the right hospice program for your family:
- Talk to a Hospice Representative: Hospitals and treatment centers have local hospice contacts for patients and family members who want to look into end-of-life care. A hospice representative is often on staff at hospitals and cancer centers to educate families about their community’s hospice providers.
- Search Online: To research hospice options on your own, consider Hospice Compare, which provides a list of recognized providers in the United States. Using the search is easy, and the website also has additional information about what to look for in a provider.
Support for Mesothelioma Caregivers
From the beginning of their treatment, mesothelioma patients require specialized medical attention. Hospice can relieve some of the stress of caregiving and ensure that a patient receives optimal end-of-life care.
Because mesothelioma is resistant to treatment, compassionate palliative care can bring relief to the patient and to their loved ones who don’t want to see them suffer.
It may be difficult for some caregivers to suggest hospice to their loved one with mesothelioma. Some doctors will suggest the program to the patients when their clinical symptoms and progress indicate that it would be the most beneficial mode of care.
Hospice care takes a heavy burden off caregivers’ shoulders by providing high-quality, personalized health care at home or at a hospice facility. Respite care also benefits caregivers by giving them a true break from caregiving.
The bereavement services offered also support caregivers through the grieving process, which is especially hard for those losing a spouse or parent to mesothelioma.
Hospice workers are also able to help caregivers with these end-of-life services:
- Completing paperwork for advance directives, including the patient’s medical wishes and do-not-resuscitate orders.
- Designating power of attorney for health care to a loved one.
- Designating power of attorney for financial affairs to a loved one or someone you trust.
- Creating a will that ensures the patient’s estate is distributed as they wish.
- Deciding on how burial and funeral services will be arranged.
Paying for Hospice Care
The vast majority of people who enter hospice care are covered by Medicare Part A. The Medicare Hospice Benefit covers care related to the terminal illness, but does not cover all aspects of care.
For example, patients can expect copays for prescriptions and they can expect to pay a portion of fees related to respite care. Any type of complementary care a patient elects on their own that isn’t recommended by the hospice care team will not be covered by Medicare.
Statistics about hospice care show that Medicare paid almost $21 billion for hospice care services in 2019.
Mesothelioma patients are eligible for financial aid, such as medical grants and Social Security Disability, to help cover the costs of health care not covered by hospice.
Hospice Care Resources
These resources will help your family understand and access hospice care in your community.
- Hospice Foundation of America
This foundation offers information about hospice and its services, grief resources, educational resources and a message board to discuss hospice topics.
- National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
This organization provides information about hospice care and helps families locate and choose a provider.
- National Association for Home Care and Hospice
This association advocates, promotes and protects high-quality health care for the terminally ill. It educates hospice workers and lobbies for the rights of the terminally ill.
- Eldercare Locator
This is a public service provided by the U.S. Administration on Aging that helps families find services for older adults, including hospice care.
Stories from Mesothelioma Survivors Entering Hospice
Many mesothelioma survivors have benefitted from hospice care and recommend it to other families facing the same diagnosis. Some of them entered hospice care and left it soon after because their cancer stopped progressing.