Inspector General Report: Asbestos Exposure a Concern on Army Posts
Residents in privatized housing on nearly 50 Army installations cited concerns with issues such as lead paint and asbestos, the toxic building material linked to mesothelioma cancer, according to a recent report from the Department of the Army Inspector General.
The report, which was made public earlier this month, includes surveys, document reviews and interviews with residents at 49 Army installations across the U.S., including Fort Bragg (N.C.), Fort Campbell (Ky.) and Fort Hood in Texas.
Military families at 48 of the 49 sites cited concerns with safety or environmental issues inside the aging on-base housing at the installations. Residents at all 49 locations believed the property management company “placed the interests of affiliate companies above life, health and safety.”
The top environmental concerns reported in the survey include:
- Lead-based paint
- Water quality
- Open sewage
- Radon gas
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that was used in dozens of construction materials throughout much of the 20th century to increase durability and fire resistance. Older homes, buildings and other structures built before 1980 likely contain asbestos materials such as drywall, cement, insulation, roofing and floor tile.
When these materials degrade over time, they can release toxic fibers into the air. Inhaling or ingesting these microscopic fibers can lead to serious health conditions decades later, including lung cancer and mesothelioma.
Asbestos was used in all branches of the military, and exposure was common in Army installations.
“Veterans and their families living in post housing built before the 1980s face potential health risks from their homes,” said Aaron Munz, former U.S. Army captain and director of the Veterans Department at The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “Unfortunately, the conditions and maintenance of some post housing do not meet the standards that our military families deserve.”
49 Sites Include Nation’s Largest Military Posts
The inspection team collected data from 41 Army installations in the continental U.S., six in Hawaii and two in Alaska.
The report did not specify which Army installations cited concerns over asbestos. However, 25 of the 49 sites contain homes classified as historic. There are 4,056 historic homes, which represents 5% of the total number of privatized homes.
Inspectors noted that historic homes present unique challenges to the Army, private company property managers and residents, including health or safety concerns such as lead-based paint or asbestos.
“Often the conditions and state of repair expose our military personnel to dangerous substances, including asbestos,” Munz said. “Sometimes, these service members do not have any choice in their housing situation. This creates an environment where there is little accountability to improve the safety and comfort of these homes.”
Army installations inspected in the report include:
- Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.
- Aliamanu Military Reservation, Hawaii
- Camp Parks, Calif.
- Carlisle Barracks, Pa.
- Fort Belvoir, Va. (pre-inspection site)
- Fort Benning, Ga.
- Fort Bliss, Texas
- Fort Bragg, N.C.
- Fort Campbell, Ky.
- Fort Carson, Colo.
- Fort Detrick, Md.
- Fort Drum, N.Y.
- Fort Gordon, Ga.
- Fort Greely, Alaska
- Fort Hamilton, N.Y.
- Fort Hood, Texas
- Fort Huachuca, Ariz.
- Fort Irwin, Calif.
- Fort Jackson, S.C.
- Fort Knox, Ky.
- Fort Leavenworth, Kan.
- Fort Lee, Va.
- Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.
- Fort Meade, Md.
- Fort Polk, La.
- Fort Riley, Kan.
- Fort Rucker, Ala.
- Fort Sam Houston, Texas
- Fort Shafter, Hawaii
- Fort Sill, Okla.
- Fort Stewart, Ga.
- Fort Story, Va.
- Fort Wainwright, Alaska
- Helemano Military Reservation, Hawaii
- Hunter Army Airfield, Ga.
- Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va.
- Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wash.
- Moffett Field, Calif.
- Naval Post Graduate Academy, Calif.
- Picatinny Arsenal, N.J.
- Presidio of Monterey, Calif.
- Redstone Arsenal, Ala.
- Scholfield Barracks, Hawaii
- Tripler Army Medical Center, Hawaii
- Walter Reed, Md.
- West Point, N.Y.
- Wheeler Army Airfield, Hawaii
- White Sands Missile Range, N.M.
- Yuma Proving Ground, Ariz.
Residents Dissatisfied with Property Management
The Army owns 49% of the privatized housing, while the Residential Communities Initiative (RCI) private company is the managing member, owning 51%.
Nearly all of residents surveyed (98%) expressed concerns with safety or environmental issues and some level of dissatisfaction with their privatized housing experience.
Other findings included:
- 48 of 49 locations lacked financial and operational transparency, which inhibits the government’s ability to conduct analysis.
- 98% of residents believe the RCI company placed cost savings above the quality of work; life, health and safety issues; and customer service.
- 45 of 49 locations reported a lack of routine and preventative maintenance.
- None of the locations provided residents with a work order history or a Change of Occupancy Maintenance report prior to the resident signing the lease agreement.
- 68% of residents said they would move off post if there were no financial costs or concerns.
“Military personnel should be aware of the long-term health risks in post housing so they can protect their families and inform their chain of command,” Munz said.