Quick Facts About Asbestos in West Virginia
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About West Virginia

West Virginia, located in the heart of the Appalachian range, is a rural state with abundant natural resources. Asbestos use in logging and coal mining exposed workers. All but two of the state’s 55 counties (Jefferson and Hardy) have coal deposits, with 117 coal seams in the state.

Kanawha County, Cabell County and Putnam County have had the highest incidences of asbestos deaths for decades. These counties were home to some of the state’s most prosperous coal mines.

Coal refineries, metalworking shops power plants exposed West Virginia residents. Asbestos insulated the high-heat machinery at these facilities.

Asbestos exposure is the primary cause of mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis.

In 2021, individuals who recovered from substance abuse completed training on asbestos abatement. It was part of a state-sponsored program known as Hire West Virginia. The program also provided funding for the participants to get their inspector’s licenses. The initiative helps create jobs in areas like Logan, West Virginia, where many older buildings still contain asbestos.

Occupations and Environmental Areas at Risk in West Virginia

With 117 coal seams in West Virginia, the state’s most notable asbestos threat was its mining industry. Union Carbide owned many West Virginia mines. Many workers have sued the company in asbestos lawsuits.

Other mines include ACME Cabin Creek Consolidated Coal Co., West Virginia Southern Coal Co., and Putnam Coal Mines.

Miners, contractors and processing workers were all at risk of inhaling asbestos. Some coal mines in the northeast may contain asbestos. Crushing, grinding, or handling asbestos-containing coal put workers at risk of exposure.

Not all coal mines were home to asbestos, but mining equipment posed another threat. Brake linings, welding blankets, pipe insulation and transit panels from mines contained asbestos.

State power plants used asbestos-containing equipment to create a fine powder out of coal. Examples include Dominion Virginia Power, Allegheny Energy Supply and Monongahela Power Company.

Job Sites with Exposure:

  • Appalachian Power Company
  • Elkem Materials/Elkem Metals Inc.
  • Gordon Gasket and Packing Company
  • Norfolk Southern Railroad
  • P&H MinePro Services Appalachia
  • UB West Virginia, Inc.
  • Vimasco Corporation
  • Weirton Steel
  • Wheeling Pittsburgh Steel
  • West Virginia Electric Supply
  • Tyco Healthcare Group

Weirton Steel, the state’s largest industrial employer, utilized asbestos as a thermal insulator. Asbestos on metalworking machinery exposed many employees. Norfolk Southern Railway used asbestos to build the trains and the railroad tracks. Norfolk Southern Railroad and Weirton Steel have been defendants in asbestos lawsuits.

In July 2011, contractors found asbestos under the floor tiles in Clay County’s Lizemore Elementary School. The 59-year-old school received an inspection in the 1980s. Workers covered over asbestos rather than remove it. The school paid Dan Hill Construction approximately $9,000 to remove the 1,782 square feet of contaminated tile.

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The Radiation, Toxics and Indoor Air Division regulates projects that involve asbestos. This includes removal in homes or factories. They also oversee related safety plans in schools through the AHERA program.

Additional services conducted within their asbestos program include:

  • Investigating reports of asbestos
  • Inspecting and authorizing asbestos abatement projects
  • Licensing future abatement workers
  • Running public education and asbestos outreach programs

The laws in West Virginia specify that anyone who engineers, supervises or works on an official asbestos abatement project must possess specific licenses distributed by the government. The state’s revenue from licensing fees is then used for education and outreach purposes.